Стратегические планы для прогресса
Kазахстан предпринял ряд мер, направленных на достижение ключевых целей в своей программе долгосрочного развития.
Kazakhstan has taken a number of measures to achieve the key goals in its long-term development programme.
THE next stage of development of the Kazakhstan economy must be based on strategic planning and a key element of this is Strategy 2050, the country's long-term plan for the future. Kazakhstan President Nursultan Nazarbayev said in his annual address that adopting Strategy 2050 was so that Kazakhstan's people "can hold firmly in their hands the helm of the country's future". He pointed out that many successful countries, such as China, Malaysia and Turkey, also follow long-term strategies. "Strategic planning is a 'number one' rule in the 21st century, because no wind will be favourable unless a country knows its route and destination harbour," Mr Nazarbayev emphasised.
A key goal of the plan is to become one of the 30 most developed countries of the world. Mr Nazarbayev noted that many forecasts see the next 15 to 17 years as a window of opportunity for the large-scale breakthrough development of Kazakhstan.
"During this period, we will have a favourable external environment, rising demand for resources, energy and food, and the growth of the Third Industrial Revolution," he pointed out, adding that Kazakhstan should take maximum advantage of this opportunity.
Major aims Among the key measures to achieve these goals is through increasing investment amounts from the current 18 per cent of gross domestic product (GDP) to 30 per cent. Another aim is to develop the knowledge-based economy of Kazakhstan so that the proportion of non-oil exports rises to 70 per cent.
Mr Nazarbayev acknowledged that the development of new high-tech sectors of the economy will require an increase in financing of the sciences to at least 3 per cent of GDP.
Another key pillar of the new economy will be small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs). The president 4/28/2014 Strategic plans for progress anticipates that by 2050, SMEs will produce at least half of Kazakhstan's GDP, from the current 20 percent.
In line with this, Kazakhstan has been organising various business forums to encourage investment and trade in the country.
For example, in March, the second Singapore-Kazakhstan Business Forum was held in Almaty. Following on from the success of the first forum held in Singapore in 2009, a 10-member business delegation comprising decision-makers and senior representatives from diverse industries ranging from business consultancy and financial services, commodities trading and trade financing, ICT, construction machinery and equipment, retail products and corporate gifts and welding machinery and equipment, made a three-day visit to Almaty, where they met government agencies and business ounterparts. Co-organised by Arman Holding, an established provider of integrated solutions for power and telecom industries with a presence in both Kazakhstan and Singapore, and the Singapore Business Federation (SBF), the forum saw over 100 Singapore and Kazakh participants. "There was greater awareness of Singapore to the Kazakh business community and the Singapore delegates also expressed keen interest to explore opportunities in the growing Kazakh market. There is mutual consensus to step up bilateral business exchanges moving forth," said a SBF spokesman.
"Engaging Singaporean companies in active dialogue is a step to promoting Kazakhstan on the international market. We introduced the representatives of Singaporean companies to the numerous opportunities on offer in Kazakhstan," said Arman Holding president Serikbai Bisekeev.
"A key aspect of the forum was the one-on-one meetings held between company representatives from Kazakhstan and Singapore. According to the participants, this meeting marked the beginnings of fruitful cooperation. It is pleasing to hear that real systematic steps have been made towards the development of business in the country. With the support of entrepreneurs, the attention of investors has been attracted to Kazakhstan," Mr Bisekeev added.
Indeed, the prominent place of SMEs has been well-established with the sector figuring strongly in Mr Nazarbayev's speech this year.
He emphasised that "small and medium-sized business development is the main tool for the industrial and social modernisation of Kazakhstan in the 21st century".
"In this respect my position, as it is known, is well-defined, and I have expressed it many times. The greater the share of small-to-medium-sized businesses in our economy is, the more developed and sustainable Kazakhstan will be," Mr Nazarbayev reiterated.
Mr Nazarbayev noted that Kazakhstan currently has more than 800,000 SMEs employing 2.4 million people and production in this sector has increased 1.6 times over the past four years and is worth more than 8.3 billion Kazakhstan tenge (S$57.3 million).
Mr Nazarbayev noted that according to global rankings, Kazakhstan has joined the group of countries with the most favourable conditions for doing business. "We have to reinforce this trend. Small and mediumsized business is the economic basis of our Universal Labor Society," he explained.
"It is important to support the specialisation of small business as they grow in size. We need clear bankruptcy procedures for such enterprises. Small and medium-sized business should develop around new innovative companies. I charged the Government to combine the next five-year industrialisation plan with the 'Business Road Map 2020'. The Government, together with the National Chamber of Entrepreneurs of Kazakhstan, should establish effective support mechanisms for new entrepreneurs," Mr Nazarbayev added.
Yet another forum to boost investment and trade is the First Eurasian Business Forum which was recently held in Almaty. More than 500 delegates from Kazakhstan and abroad took part, discussing issues such as integration, economic, trade and business processes. The forum will continue in May in Astana under the auspices of the Astana Economic Forum.
Forum organisers noted that Kazakhstan's rapid pace of development and improving social and economic conditions is due, among many factors, to the strategy of its regional development. The forum is aimed at fostering better integration into the regional economic union.
"Today, businesses in Kazakhstan have not yet managed to fully assess all the advantages of joining the Eurasian Economic Union. Therefore, we are preparing to clarify and discuss this and other issues in the upcoming forum," forum organising committee chairman Kuanish Dautov said.
He added that the presidents of Kazakhstan, Russia and Belarus have also been invited to the Eurasian Business Forum. "This is another opportunity to compare notes before the May meeting of leaders of the Customs Union which will be held after the Eurasian Business Forum," Mr Dautov added.
Galiya Dzholdybaeva, chairperson of the committee on development of entrepreneurship at the Ministry of Regional Development, noted that the process of urbanisation in Kazakhstan will continue for the next 15 to 20 years.
Being integrated as part of the regional economy is a key part of this process. "This is a long-run objective for the social and economic development of the country. Kazakhstan will continue developing in this direction by means of agglomeration, within the framework of a policy of regulated and coordinated urbanisation," she noted.
Ms Dzholdybaeva explained that agglomeration refers to concentration of manufacturing, social and cultural entities in one large city, all interconnected into a unified whole by means of tight interconnections and, as a result, some of the fringe cities might also become a part of this agglomeration process.
"Astana, Almaty, Shymkent and Aktobe will become the main urban centres of the country. The government will be striving to coordinate territorial plans and investments. Today, comprehensive work is underway on the plans on agglomerative development," she concluded.
As Kazakhstan continues on its journey of development, guided by a strategic plan, investments through the development of the SME sector and regional integration are among the key initiatives that have been set for this year.